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Try to see how the "13th Five-Year" power plays a harmonious music


Since the original National Economic and Trade Commission issued the "10th Five-Year" power plan in 2001 , after 15 years , the National Development and Reform Commission and the National Energy Administration officially issued the "13th Five-Year Plan for Power Development " on November 7, 2016 . "Planning" adheres to the basic principle of " six words and 48 words", and draws from eight aspects in the five years from 2016 to 2020. China's power industry follows the "five developments" concept and implements the "four revolutions " strategic deployment of energy development. The required blueprint for power development clearly states that it is necessary to achieve coordinated development, green development , safe development, innovative development, open development, and shared development .
We have noticed that the " Planning " pointed out that during the implementation of the plan, rolling adjustments should be made in due course. At the same time, the implementation of the plan will be sorted out and fine-tuned in each year. This provides a basis for the development of electric power in response to the needs of the national economy and micro-control, reflecting the unity of the principle and flexibility of the "Planning".
According to data released by China Electricity Council, as of the end of 2015, the national installed capacity of power generation was 1.53 billion kilowatts, and the annual electricity consumption reached 5.69 trillion kilowatt hours. Power generation capacity and power generation rank first in the world. According to the "Planning", after the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, by 2020, the total electricity consumption of the whole society is expected to be 6.8-7.2 trillion kWh, with an average annual growth rate of 3.6% to 4.8%; the estimated national installed generating capacity is 2 billion kW. The average annual growth rate is 5.5%, the per capita installed capacity exceeds 1.4 kW, and the per capita electricity consumption is about 5,000 kWh, which is close to the level of moderately developed countries. Then, how to follow the "five developments" concept and implement the "four revolutions" strategy of energy development in the "20 era" of total installed capacity , and to create a harmonious music of water, scenery, nuclear, gas and fire ? We try to find the answer from the Plan.
Hydropower: a premise, two points, pooling accumulation and consumption
As of the end of 2015, the national hydropower installed capacity was 320 million kilowatts, accounting for 21.1%. According to the "Planning", during the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period, the country's conventional hydropower has newly put into operation about 40 million kilowatts, and started more than 60 million kilowatts. By 2020, conventional hydropower installations will reach 340 million kilowatts.
Under the premise of adhering to ecological priorities and proper resettlement, the “Planning” actively developed hydropower during the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” period, and defined two directions, considering the measures of coordinated development and delivery. This fully reflects the "five developments" concept. One point is to scientifically develop southwest hydropower resources with the focus on the construction of leading hydropower stations in important river basins. Another point is to adhere to the principle of priority for mainstream development and priority for tributary protection, actively and orderly promote the construction of large-scale hydropower bases, and strictly control the development of small and medium-sized river basins and small and medium-sized hydropower.
In particular, the "Planning" clarifies that hydropower should adhere to both development and delivery, and consider the problems of "shengwa" and "nurturing the baby" in a unified manner, avoiding the drawbacks of the fact that the "sheng" regardless of "nurturing" in the past caused serious water and electricity abandonment. . This is actually the inevitable result of facing the grim reality, persisting in the problem-oriented, and being forced by the market. For example, Sichuan Electric Power is an important practicer of the national “West-to-East Power Transmission” energy strategy. However, as of the end of September this year, Sichuan Power Grid's peak-shaving and abandonment of water has reached 11.76 billion kWh, an increase of 52.82% year-on-year. Promote Sichuan hydropower consumption. It is gratifying to note that the 500 kV third channel project of the Sichuan-Yunnan Power Grid has been started as the first Sichuan-Tianjin delivery channel during the 13th Five-Year Plan period. It is expected to consume 7 billion kWh of hydropower per year after completion. Greatly alleviate the problem of water and electricity abandonment in Sichuan.
During the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” period, the nationwide transmission capacity of “West-to-East Power Transmission” will increase by 130 million kilowatts, and in 2020, it will reach 270 million kilowatts.
We have seen that the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” of Datang Group will focus on optimizing the industrial layout, rationally adjusting the industrial structure, focusing on optimizing the regional layout, promoting the transformation and upgrading of the main power generation industry, and creating a synergistic and efficient industrial chain and value chain. Therefore, we should continue to develop the southwest hydropower resources, promote the construction of large-scale hydropower bases in an orderly manner, accelerate the development of offshore hydropower projects, and urge the proportion of clean energy installed capacity to reach and exceed the national average in a relatively short period of time. The level will further enhance the green development capability and level of the group company.
Scenery: Collecting and distributing together, stocking priority, clean energy wearing "green hat"
Currently, the power production structure adapts to the challenges of green development. China has made a carbon emission reduction commitment to the international community, coupled with the constraints of domestic resources and environment, the need to achieve dual target control of total pollutants and intensity is more urgent. It is extremely urgent to vigorously develop new energy sources, optimize and adjust the development layout, and put a clean green energy “green hat” on the sky.
According to the principle of centralized development and decentralized development, and the principle of near consumption, the “Planning” optimizes the layout of wind power, coordinates development and market consumption, and develops wind power and electricity in an orderly manner. During the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” period, wind power is expected to be put into production more than 7.9 billion kilowatts. In 2020, the national wind power installed capacity will reach 210 million kilowatts or more, including about 5 million kilowatts of offshore wind power. According to the principle of decentralized development and near consumption, the layout of photovoltaic power plants is expected to increase the production of solar power by more than 68 million kilowatts. In 2020, the installed capacity of solar power in the country will reach 110 million or more, including more than 60 million kilowatts of distributed photovoltaics. Thermal power generation is 5 million kilowatts. In addition, by 2020, biomass power generation capacity will be around 15 million kilowatts.
How to absorb wind power generation? The "Planning" pointed out that in accordance with the principle of stock priority, relying on the power transmission channel, the renewable energy of the "Three North" region will be promoted in an orderly manner to absorb 40 million kilowatts across provinces. At the same time, the implementation of the full guarantee acquisition system will control the abandonment of wind and the rate of light rejection at a reasonable level.
It can be expected that after the “13th Five-Year Plan” period, the renewable energy will be vigorously developed. By 2020, the annual utilization of all commercial renewable energy will be equivalent to 580 million tons of standard coal, and the installed capacity of renewable energy power generation will reach 680 million kilowatts, accounting for 34%. The annual power generation is 1.9 trillion kWh, accounting for 27%, and the theoretical power generation is still 7 percentage points lower than the installed capacity. However, it is feasible to accelerate the development of clean energy such as wind, light and biomass to ensure that the proportion of non-fossil energy consumption reaches 15% by 2020.
After synchronizing the construction of the delivery channel and implementing the full-guaranteed acquisition system, it can be predicted that by then, the green pride of “striking the wind” will outweigh the sigh of “the scenery is infinitely good, but unfortunately cannot be delivered”.
At the same time, as an important member of the clean energy family, nuclear power and gas power, the former will adhere to safe development, focus on promoting coastal nuclear power construction, and will reach 58 million kilowatts by 2020; natural gas power generation will adhere to orderly development and vigorously promote distribution. The construction of gas-fired power will reach 110 million kilowatts by 2020, of which 15 million kilowatts will be supplied by heat and cold. We have noticed that Datang Corporation will adopt the highest international safety standards and actively develop nuclear power in the southeast coastal areas under the premise of ensuring safety.
Thermal Power: Finding the right position, improving oneself, sticking to half of the country
In the future power structure, where should coal power be located? According to the National Energy Development Strategic Action Plan, the total coal consumption in key areas and key areas will be controlled in the future. By 2020, the proportion of coal consumption in the country will fall below 62%.
The "Planning" has cleared the way for the development of coal-fired power: speeding up the transformation and upgrading of coal-fired power and promoting clean and orderly development. The way out is transformation and upgrading, and the direction is clean and orderly development. The goal is that by 2020, the installed capacity of coal power will be controlled within 1.1 billion kilowatts, accounting for about 55%.
The “attitude” of “Planning” for clean energy is very different from that of treating coal-fired power: active, vigorous, safe and orderly. The words of encouragement are classified into water, scenery, nuclear and natural gas clean-up power generation, while for coal-fired power, Require transformation and upgrading, and use the word "accelerate" to urge coal-fired power to be on the road to clean development. In particular, it is necessary to "strictly control coal-fired power planning and construction". The former power generation "big brother" stems from technological progress, changes in the times, changes in understanding, global warming, human health and green quality. The pursuit of life, etc., was once surrounded by its "green sisters" who were constantly developing and emerging in the new era. If you want to "degenerate into a butterfly," you will only have your own "phoenix nirvana."
For the sustainable development of energy, to make a "sacrifice" for the green revolution, coal power with its original "black" will reflect the infinite light of mankind.
During the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” period, the state canceled and postponed coal power construction projects of more than 150 million kilowatts. The Group actively implements the national capacity and “three batches” policy. It is the pioneer and powerful promoter of the “Planning”. In 2016, it plans to identify 9 “cancellation, slow-nuclear and slow-building” power generation projects with a total capacity of 9.29 million kilowatts. We will strive to optimize the competitiveness of enterprises with structural optimization and actively win the initiative of development, focusing on promoting clean, efficient and environmentally friendly development in high-load areas and areas with rich coal resources.
The future development of coal power is self-reform, self-innovation and self-improvement. During the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” period, the country implemented about 420 million kilowatts of ultra-low emission reduction of coal and electricity, implemented about 340 million kilowatts of energy-saving renovation, and strived to eliminate about 20 million kilowatts of backward coal-fired power generating units. By 2020, the average coal consumption of coal-fired power plants in the country will be reduced to 310 grams of standard coal per kWh; those with conditions above 300,000 kilowatts will all achieve ultra-low. At the same time, the flexibility of the thermal power unit in the Sanbei area was about 133 million kilowatts, and the pure condensing unit was about 82 million kilowatts; in other places, the pure concrete was about 4.5 million kilowatts. After the transformation, all will be clean and efficient.
Datang Group adheres to the clean development of electric power, focusing on advanced technologies such as ultra-supercritical, large-scale circulating fluidized bed, large-scale back pressure thermoelectricity and combined heat and power cooling, strictly targeting the development scope of clean coal power and actively implementing ultra-low emission. Upgrade and renovate the core energy conservation and emission reduction.
Alternatives to electric energy: the revolution in terminal consumption is on the rise
According to the "Planning", in 2020, the energy consumption in the energy terminal consumption sector will replace the bulk coal and fuel consumption by about 130 million tons of standard coal. The replacement of new electricity by electric energy is about 450 billion kWh. According to this goal, the “Eleventh Five-Year” energy accounted for 27% of the terminal energy consumption. In addition to important social benefits, the replacement of electric energy is also of great significance for further expanding power consumption and alleviating the problem of “dwelling electricity” in some areas.
In particular, the legally binding climate agreement "Paris Agreement" has been officially implemented since November 4, 2016. In the context of climate change and air pollution prevention and control, electric energy substitution will become the only way for energy reform, and the next 15 years will be China. The key stage of economic and social development and the transformation of energy and power will have great historical and practical significance for the low carbon and green development of the world and China, and for the improvement of the living environment of all mankind.
Electricity consumption accounts for 1% increase in the proportion of terminal energy consumption, and energy consumption per unit of GDP can be reduced by 4%. The substitution of electric energy is conducive to improving energy efficiency, reducing external dependence on oil, reducing pollutant emissions and protecting the environment. In May 2016, the National Development and Reform Commission and other eight departments jointly issued the “Guiding Opinions on Promoting Alternative Energy”, which for the first time raised the replacement of electric energy into an important measure for the country to implement energy strategies and control air pollution. China's power consumption ratio still has a large room for improvement, and the potential for electric energy replacement is broad. The "Plan" pointed out that it will comprehensively promote the substitution of electric energy in the fields of heating, transportation, manufacturing, and power systems, and actively expand the field of electric energy replacement applications and increase the proportion of electric energy consumption.
In the industrial sector, speeding up the replacement of fuel power and fuel heating with electricity; in the transportation sector, accelerating the development of electric vehicles, the "Plan" proposes that by 2020, more than 12,000 new centralized power stations will be added, and more than 4.8 million distributed charging piles will be distributed. To meet the charging needs of more than 5 million electric vehicles nationwide. In terms of commercial and residential energy use, we will speed up the replacement of coal-fired boilers with electric heating and heating, and encourage the electrification of the catering industry and residential kitchens.
The soft landing of "Planning" is inevitably accompanied by the deepening of the power system reform and the construction of this soft platform. The implementation of the "Five Developments" concept, the construction of a clean, low-carbon, safe and efficient modern power industry system, to provide a solid energy support and guarantee for the comprehensive construction of a well-off society, "Planning" gave us institutional confidence and blueprint guidance. (Source: "Eleventh Five-Year Plan for Power Development")